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Let's talk about Executive Functioning - What is Metacognition?

Updated: Oct 17, 2023


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Metacognition is the process of thinking about your own thinking.

Metacognition is the process of thinking about your own thinking. It involves analysing how you think and learn and developing strategies to improve your cognitive abilities. Metacognition is essential for success in academics, career, and life.


One of the main benefits of metacognition is the ability to identify and correct mistakes. By being aware of your own thought processes, you can recognise when you are making errors and take steps to correct them. This can be particularly helpful in academic settings, where mistakes can significantly impact grades and performance.


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Another benefit of metacognition is increased self-awareness.

Another benefit of metacognition is increased self-awareness. Knowing your thinking lets you better understand your strengths and weaknesses and make informed decisions about approaching challenging tasks. This can lead to greater self-confidence and improved performance in various areas.


Developing metacognitive skills takes time and effort, but a few strategies can help. One approach is to practice self-reflection regularly. This might involve asking yourself, "What did I learn from this experience?" or "How could I approach this task differently next time?" Another strategy is to seek feedback from others, such as teachers or mentors, to gain an outside perspective on your thinking and learning processes.


Silhouette  of a woman's brain thinking with a thought bubble
Furthermore, metacognition can also help individuals to become better problem-solvers.

Furthermore, metacognition can also help individuals to become better problem-solvers. By analysing their own thinking patterns, individuals can learn how to approach problems from different angles and perspectives. This can lead to more creative and effective solutions. In addition, metacognition can improve memory retention. By understanding how they learn and retain information, individuals can develop strategies to remember important details and concepts better. This can be particularly useful in academic settings, where retention of information is crucial for success.

Metacognition can lead to better decision-making. By being aware of their own biases and thought processes, individuals can make more informed and objective decisions. This can be helpful in both personal and professional contexts, where decisions can have a significant impact on one's life and career.


cogs showing thinking about thinking
By practising self-reflection and seeking feedback from others, you can develop your metacognitive skills and become a more effective learner and thinker.

In conclusion, metacognition is a valuable skill that can help you improve your cognitive abilities and achieve tremendous success in academic, career, and personal pursuits. By practising self-reflection and seeking feedback from others, you can develop your metacognitive skills and become a more effective learner and thinker. At REACH ADHD Coaching, we help our clients build their metacognitive skills. Join us today!



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